Monthly Archives: August 2012

Donkey down the well

One day a farmer’s donkey fell down into a well. The animal cried piteously for hours as the farmer tried to figure out what to do. Finally, he decided the animal was old, and the well needed to be covered … Continue reading

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There’s something in the water..

Does anyone else think about what we are actually drinking when we fill our water glasses, kettles and cook pots at the kitchen tap? Of course it depends on where you live.. even down to which street you live on. … Continue reading

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http://www.gb0063551.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/seeog/companion/

ImageThere are a few reasons why I wanted to write a little bit about companion planting. One of them is that this concept is a perfect example of what Permaculture is all about. We use the term “plant guilds” to describe the groups of plants that like to grow in each others vicinity. One of the best-known guilds includes tomatoes and basil, lesser known members of this guild would be asparagus and sweet pepper [capsicum]. Image

The benefits derived from placing complementary plants together can be due to a number of reasons. Sometimes one plant would attract insects that are a natural predator of an insect that tends to be a pest to it’s companion plant. Marigold and Petunia are commonly used to attract pest-predators into an eco-system. Another way in which neighbouring plants can benefit each other is through the sharing and exchanging of minerals and nutrients through their roots. Legumes [peas, beans] can “fix” nitrogen in the soil by accumulating it in their root nodules from the atmosphere. This nitrogen is then available for neighbouring root systems to take up if needed. That is why it is common practice to follow Legumes with a nitrogen-hungry family in the crop rotation system.

There is a physical dimension to companion planting too. One good example of this is “The Three Sisters” a plant guild developed by the South American Incans and still used today on the slopes of the Andes. The three sisters are Pumpkins, Corn and Climbing Beans. They demonstrate another very important concept of permaculture, and remind us that the principles of permaculture are not always new, but coincide with ancient wisdom. This principle is referred to as “stacking” in permaculture, and can be applied in many other situations. In this particular stacked system, the pumpkin vines spread across the ground, finding gaps between it’s sisters to capture light with it’s impressive leaves. The corn shoots upward, utilizing light in the vertical plane, and the beans use the sturdy corn as a climbing frame. The result of this combination is three crops from one field, little or no weeds because the pumpkin covers the ground, and the nitrogen fixed in the soil by the beans is available to the the other two hungry companions.Image

 

The difficult part of companion planting is to remember which plants go together and to try integrating this knowledge into a planting plan. There are some useful guides available in books and on-line, but it is tricky to collate so much information into one document, table or chart.

This wheel is one person’s attempt to put it all together, but needs to be blown up by several magnitudes before it is legible.Image

 

I have also come across an excellent spreadsheet version, compiled by Ute Bohnsack and kindly made available to the anyone who follows this link..

http://www.gb0063551.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/seeog/companion/

You might have noticed that some plants in the above chart are a good companion with almost every other plant. Yarrow, Tagetes and Petunia in particular. These plants wouldn’t be considered in a conventional allotment planting plan, but perhaps they should be, especially considering Yarrow is a valuable medicinal plant, Tagetes and Petunias are edible. They also add some colour to the picture. Pot marigold [Calendula officinalis] are a popular companion due to their popularity with pest predators and their medicinal potency.. also quite tasty.

Of course it is possible to experiment in your own garden and observe what plants like to grow together. Please let me know if you come across any winning combinations.

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First Steps Towards Food Security

Time to introduce another venture and realm of exploration.. growing food for the local community. This growing season was intended to be a taster.. to explore the possibility of establishing a CSA scheme [community supported agriculture] in 2013. We wanted … Continue reading

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Tunnel Vision

whole tunnel

This is our DIY polytunnel, constructing using scaffolding bars and 50mm electricity ducting. The 3×2 wooden framing is for structural stability and also to accommodate an aquaponic set-up in the near-future

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Pipe Down..good viewing if you want to know the real Corrib Gas Pipeline story

I came across this documentary on Vimeo last night when looking into the story behind the Shell-to-Sea protest and what’s happening in Iorrais. I had heard many stories about the heavy-handed approach of the guards, but hadn’t expected this. Here … Continue reading

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Local Food, Transition in Fingal/ Swords?

First of the bat, let me explain my position.. Arrived back to this island last December, with the intention to get involved with any local groups active in any field relating to ; Transition,         growing food,        education in sustainable living … Continue reading

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Intro

Welcome to what I hope will be a useful resource for those who want to learn more about growing food, agro-forestry, building with natural materials, alternative technology, renewable energy, wild food foraging, medicinal herbs, mushroom cultivation, keeping animals, preserving food, … Continue reading

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